Famed for founding SpaceX and co-founding PayPal and Tesla Motors, Elon Musk is known for his less than conventional ideas, but some may not be as crazy as they first seem.
From Tesla, Hyperloop transportation, artificial intelligence and more, here are nine Elon Musk ideas that are borderline genius.
1. Elon Musk ideas: Mars colonisation
A couple of years ago, during an 'Ask Me Anything' session on Reddit, Musk revealed his plan to colonise Mars with a new transporter, with plans to be released by the end of this year.
Well, this week Musk outlined his plans for manned missions to Mars, which he believes will take place as soon as 2022. This proposed mission date is actually three years sooner than Musk's initial estimate.
Musk claimed there are 'two fundamental paths' for humanity. Speaking at the International Astronauitical Congress in Mexico this week, he said:
"One is that we stay on Earth forever and then there will be an inevitable extinction event... the alternative is to become a spacefaring civilisation, and a multi-planetary species."
And with SpaceX already being the first private company to deliver cargo and dock at the International Space Station in 2012 a mission to Mars doesn't seem that far-fetched.
2. Elon Musk ideas: Hyperloop Transportation
Back in 2013 Elon Musk introduced the concept of Hyperloop, a high-speed transportation system and opened it up to public development.
Hyperloop is a network of passenger capsules, which rest on a bed of air, within a tube travelling at exceptional speed. Entirely powered by solar panels and travelling at almost the speed of sound, the Hyperloop could get you from San Francisco to LA in just 35 minutes.
In May 2016, Hyperloop One, an LA-based company announced $80 million in series B funding and partnerships with ARUP, Amburg Group, Systra, and Bjarke Ingels Group.
On 11 May, Hyperloop One will perform its first public test of the structure in Las Vegas.
3. Elon Musk ideas: Electric cars - Tesla Model 3
Tesla Moters aims te create practical electric cars that are affordable and áccelerate the world's transition to sustainable transport.
According to Elon Musk, pre-orders of the latest Tesla electric car 'Model 3' reached $10 billion in just two days. Model 3 will cost $35,000 and should be shipping the cars by mid-2017.
Hopefully, the production of the Model 3 will run smoother than previous cars such as the Model X which was delayed by three years due to engineering problems.
4. Elon Musk ideas: Affordable space travel
After the sale of PayPal, Musk launched SpaceX in 2002. Privately owned SpaceX aimed to cut the cost of space travel making it possible for everyone. It was announced in 2014 that SpaceX would be one of two (other being Boeing) to send human cargo to the International Space Station so everyday space travel might be nearer than we think.
5. Elon Musk ideas: Internet satellite networks
This year Elon Musk has planned to create low cost Wi-Fi that can be accessed even in the most remote parts of the earth. He aims to launch 4000 satellites into low orbit to provide internet for those in the poorest and most remote areas, aiming for this to be operational within five years. However, Greg Wyler, founder of OneNet backed by The Vigin Group and Qualcomm has set his sights on similar networks - and this might spell trouble for Musk.
6. Elon Musk ideas: Reusable rockets
Musk plans to develop reusable rockets aiming to reduce the cost of space travel. These rockets will be sent into space and brought back to land safely and intact for reuse. This should make it much more cost effective and also in Musk's vision, not too dissimilar to air travel.
7. Elon Musk ideas: The Gigafactory
The Gigafactory is a lithium-ion battery factory aimed to support the large demand created from the production of Tesla cars. By physical area, it is the largest building in the world and should bring in $100 billion to Nevada state.
Tesla estimates that at the current projected rate of car production, i.e. 500,000 cars per year in the latter half of this decade, Tesla would require the world's entire production of lithium-ion batteries.
8. Elon Musk ideas: Artificial Intelligence
Musk has made his stance on uncontrolled AI development clear, calling it an existential threat. Having committed to invest $10 million in AI safety, Musk and others like Stephen Hawking aim to highlight the risks associated with the current AI development and aim to promote a safer alternative for the future of humanity.
9. Elon Musk ideas: SolarCity
After forfulating the initial concept, Musk is now the biggest shareholder of SolarCity. The vision is simple: harness and store the sun's energy to produce more than enough for the entirety of human civilisation. To do this Musk has acquired solar cell innovator, Silevo and plans to build the largest solar plant in the US. Musk will also open a battery factory in 2017 to store captured sunlight to be used as back up in the winter and evenings.